Resources

To see a full list of sources used for our exhibitions, please see below.

(October 3, 1907). Instantly killed in an automobile: Mrs. Hazelton, a widow, struck by the machine at Bloor  and Yonge last night. The Toronto Daily Star, page 14.

Banks, Brian. (2016, March 11). Interview by G. Dyer Jalea [Audio recording]. Toronto, ON: Toronto Ward Museum.

Chodos, Nicole. (2016, January 23). Interview by G. Dyer Jalea [Audio recording]. Toronto, ON: Toronto Ward Museum.

Drew, Benjamin (Ed.). (2004). Refugees from Slavery: Autobiographies of Fugitive Slaves in Canada. Mineola, NY: Dover Publications, Inc.

First Story Project. (2016). Statement of Acknowledgement of Traditional Lands, Toronto, ON: Native Canadian Centre of Toronto.

Frager, Ruth A. (1992). Sweatshop strife: class, ethnicity, and gender in the Jewish labour movement of Toronto, 1900-1939. Toronto; Buffalo: University of Toronto Press.

Garland, Mavis. (2016, February 16). Interview by G. Dyer Jalea [Audio recording]. Toronto, ON: Toronto Ward Museum.

Infrastructure Ontario. (December 1, 2015). Archeology at the New Toronto Courthouse. London, ON: Timmins Martelle Heritage Consultant Inc.

Infrastructure Ontario. (December 1, 2015). Summary of Archeological Assessment Activities at Armoury Street. London, ON: Timmins Martelle Heritage Consultant Inc.

Kalcevich, Anna Marie. (2016, March 8). Interview by G. Dyer Jalea [Audio recording]. Toronto, ON: Toronto Ward Museum.

Kathy Grant (personal communication, December 7, 2016).

Lorinc, J. (2016, August 14). Let’s not erase this piece of our past. Toronto Star. Retrieved from
https://www.thestar.com/opinion/2016/08/14/lets-not-erase-this-piece-of-our-past.html

Lorinc, J., McClelland, M., Scheinberg, E., & Taylor, T. (Eds.). (2015). The Ward: the life and loss of Toronto’s first immigrant neighbourhood. Toronto, ON: Coach House Books.

Ontario First Nations Maps. (2016, December). Retrieved from https://www.ontario.ca/page/ontario-first-nations-maps

Our History, Our Faith: B.M.E. Christ Church St. James History. (2016, October). Retrieved from http://www.bmechristchurch.org/?i=1239&mid=3

Piva, Michael J. (1979). The Condition of the Working Class in Toronto – 1900-1921. Ottawa, ON: University of Ottawa Press.

Sadlier, Rosemary. (2016, March 7). Interview by G. Dyer Jalea [Audio recording]. Toronto, ON: Toronto Ward Museum.

Wong, Nelson. (2015, December 18). Interview by G.Dyer Jalea [Audio recording]. Toronto, ON: Toronto Ward Museum.

Wong, Nelson. (2016, January 22). Interview by G.Dyer Jalea [Audio recording]. Toronto, ON: Toronto Ward Museum.

Images

15, 17 Centre Avenue [photograph]. (1937). Former City of Toronto fonds (Fonds 200, Series 372, Subseries 33, Item 137). Toronto, ON: City of Toronto Archives.

56-58 Elizabeth Street [photograph]. (1937). Former City of Toronto fonds (Fonds 200, Series 372, Subseries 33, Item 171). Toronto, ON: City of Toronto Archives.

60-70 Elizabeth Street  [photograph]. (1937). Former City of Toronto fonds (Fonds 200, Series 372, Subseries 33, Item 172). Toronto, ON: City of Toronto Archives.

Banks, Brian. (n.d.). Banks family photographs. Retrieved March 14, 2016, from the Banks family private photography collection, Toronto, ON.

BME Church, Chestnut Street [photograph]. (1950s/1953?). J.V. Salmon Collection (S 1-960). Toronto, ON: Toronto Public Library.

Chodos, Nicole. (n.d.). Chodos family photographs. Retrieved February 4, 2016, from Nicole Chodos’s private photography collection, Oakville, ON.

Condemned House – 89 Centre Avenue [photograph]. (1919). Former City of Toronto fonds (Fonds 200, Series 372, Subseries 32, Item 600). Toronto, ON: City of Toronto Archives.

Garland, Mavis. (n.d.). Garland family photographs. Retrieved February 16, 2016, from Mavis Garland’s private photography collection, Pickering, ON.

James, William. (Photographer). (1900/1901). Yonge Street looking north from Queen Street [photograph] (Fonds 1244, Item 495).  Toronto, ON: City of Toronto Archives.

James, William. (Photographer). (1907). Stable yard in “The Ward” [photograph] (Fonds 1244, Item 313). Toronto, ON:  City of Toronto Archives.

James, William. (Photographer). (1910?). Chicken warehouse, Agnes Street [photograph] (Fonds 1244, Item 291). Toronto, ON:  City of Toronto Archives.

James, William. (Photographer). (1910). The Ward backyards, seen from above [photograph] (Fonds 1244, Item 10073). Toronto, ON:  City of Toronto Archives.

James, William. (Photographer). (1911?). Slum house, The Ward [photograph] (Fonds 1244, Item 682). Toronto, ON:  City of Toronto Archives.

James, William. (Photographer). (1913?). Corner of Elizabeth Street and Foster Place [photograph] (Fonds 1244, Item 341). Toronto, ON:  City of Toronto Archives.

Kalcevich, Anna Marie. (n.d.). Kalcevich and Madott family photographs. Retrieved March 8, 2016, from the Kalcevich and Madott families’s private photography collection, Toronto, ON.

Old house – 55 Centre Avenue (rear view) [photograph]. (1912). Former City of Toronto fonds (Fonds 200, Series 372, Subseries 32, Item 42). Toronto, ON: City of Toronto Archives.

Burns & Co., wagon load of wood, Front St [photograph]. (1927). Globe and Mail fonds (Fonds 1266, Item 10744). Toronto, ON: City of Toronto Archives.

Rear, 210 Chestnut Street [photograph]. (1914). Former City of Toronto fonds (Fonds 200, Series 372, Subseries 32, Item 319). Toronto, ON: City of Toronto Archives.

Rear of 114-120 Elizabeth Street Old Buildings [photograph]. (May 6, 1936). Former City of Toronto fonds (Fonds 200, Series 372, Subseries 1, Item 1390). Toronto, ON: City of Toronto Archives.

Sadlier, Rosemary. (n.d.). Sadlier family photographs. Retrieved March 16, 2016, from Rosemary Sadlier’s private photography collection, Toronto, ON.

Wong, Nelson. (n.d.). Nelson Wong family photographs. Retrieved January 22, 2016, from Nelson Wong’s private photography collection, Toronto, ON.

Emilie Albert-Toth

The Meaning in Movement: Dance, Immigration and Multiculturalism

A Pamphlet for a Korean Court Music and Dance Program

Works Cited

 

Brown, T. (2012, December 6). Staying on: Korean heritage in Toronto. Retrieved from http://heritagetoronto.org/staying-on-korean-heritage-in-toronto/

 

Groen, R. (1979, December 15). Korean Troupe Demonstrates Lovely Tradition. The Globe and Mail, p.17

 

Herd, A. (2001, January 31). Korean war. Retrieved from http://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.ca/en/article/korean-war/

 

Kim, A. H., & Noh, M. S. (2012). Korean immigrants in Canada: Perspectives on migration, integration, and the family. Toronto: University of Toronto Press.

 

National Classical Music Institute of Korea. Aak, Korean Court Music and Dance from the National Classical Music Institute of Korea. (1979, December). Eal3:2020 KCHA-UOT- EP-0003. Dr. Yu Ephemera Collection, Korean Heritage Archives, East Asian Library, University of Toronto.

 

University of Toronto: Cheng Yu Tung East Asian Library. (2011). Introduction. Retrieved December 9, 2016, from http://east.library.utoronto.ca/content/introduction

 

Van Dyk, L. (2016). Canadian immigration acts and legislation. Retrieved from http://www.pier21.ca/research/immigration-history/canadian-immigration-acts- and-legislation

 

Works Consulted

 

Bai, D. (2001, January 31). Koreans. Retrieved from http://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.ca/en/article/koreans/

 

Bedeski, R. (2000). Peace and neutrality on the Korean peninsula: A role for Canada? Pacific Affairs, 73(4), 555-570. doi:10.2307/2672444

 

Donaghy, G. (2011). Blessed are the peacemakers: Canada, the United Nations, and the search for a Korean armistice, 1952–53. War & Society, 30(2), 134–146. doi:10.1179/204243411×13026863176583

 

Korean Music and Dance (1981). (First Edition ed.). Seoul, Korea: Foundation for the Preservation of Cultural Properties.

 

Korean War 1950-1953. (n.d.). In Encyclopedia Britannica online. Retrieved from https://www.britannica.com/event/Korean-War

 

Levy, J. (2013, August 20). Koreatown and the history of Koreans in Toronto. Retrieved from http://torontoguardian.com/2013/08/korea-town-and- the-history-of-koreans-in-toronto/

 

Mann, J. (2012). The introduction of multiculturalism in Canada and Australia, 1960s-1970s. Nations and Nationalism, 18(3), 483–503. doi:10.1111/j.1469-8129.2012.00553.x

 

Schmid, A. (2006). Korean Studies in Canada. University of Toronto.

 

Smithsonian (2016, February 5). 5,000 years of Korean art. Retrieved from http://www.si.edu/Exhibitions/Details/5000-Years- of-Korean- Art-2144

 

Song, B. S. (1974). The Korean-Canadian folk song: An ethnomusicological study (No. 10). National Museums of Canada.

 

Song, B. S. (1980). Source readings in Korean music (Vol. 1). Seoul, Republic of Korea: Korean National Commission for UNESCO.

 

Song, B. S., & Song, B. (2000). Korean music: Historical and other aspects. Seoul: Jimoondang.

 

White Canada Policy. (2011). Retrieved from http://www.racetalk.ca/tag/white-canada-policy/

 

Susan Ali Ibrahim Jama

African Nationalism & Determination

International Reaction to African Decolonization

Works Cited

 

Cooper, F. (2009). Africa Since 1940, the Past of the Present: New Approaches to African History (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press: New York.

 

Gilbert, E. & Reynolds, J. (2008). Africa in World History: From Prehistory to the Present (2nd ed.). Pearson Education: Upper Saddle River.

 

Huntnyk, J. (1994). African research futures: Post-colonialism and identity. Anthropology Today, 10(4), 24-25. doi:10.2307/2783440

 

Lassam, S. (2016).From the archives. Trinity Alumni Magazine, Fall 2016, 10. http://magazine.trinity.utoronto.ca/wp-content/uploads/2016/11/2016_Fall_PDF.pdf

 

Kaunda, K. & Morris, C. (1960). Black Government. Lusaka, Northern Rhodesia: United Society for Christian Literature.

 

Trinity College Conference on the African Affairs. (1963). Box 107, Folder# 985-0075/001 (03). Trinity College Conference on African Affairs – Announcement. Trinity College Archives, Trinity College at the University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada. Accessed Sept-Dec 2016.

 

Works Consulted

 

Hodgkin, T. (1961). African Political Parties: An Introductory Guide. Harmondsworth, Middlesex: Penguin Books.

 

Jones, T. J. (1925). Education in East Africa: A study of East, Central and South Africa by the second African Education Commission under the auspices of the Phelps-Stokes Fund, in cooperation with the International Education Board. New York Phelps-Stokes Fund

 

Roland, O. & Fage, J. D. (1975). A Short History of Africa. Harmondworth: Penguin.

 

Smith, D. (2005). From Indians to First Nations: Changing Anglo-Canadian perceptions of the North American Indian in the twentieth century. Constitutional Forum, 13(3), 80-88.

 

Talton, B. (2011). The Challenge of Decolonization in Africa. Retrieved from http://exhibitions.nypl.org/africanaage/essay-challenge- of-decolonization- africa.html

 

Jessica Baptista

 

Relocating Orphan Children to Rural Canada in 1870 from London

 

Works Cited

 

Child Labor during the British Industrial Revolution. https://eh.net/encyclopedia/child-labor-during-the- british-industrial- revolution/

 

Crisp, Eliza. (1870, March 12). [Letter to Norman Hamilton]. Eliza Crisp Papers. 1869-1873. Graeme Patterson Fonds F2008 (Box 13, file 1), Trinity College Archives, University of Toronto.

 

Fickling, B. & Lassam, S. (Spring 2017). Good Hands to Good Homes: A File in the Graeme Patterson Fonds at the Trinity College Archives. Ontario History. Trinity Archives, University of Toronto.

 

Harrison, P. (Eds.). (2003). The Home Children: Their Personal Stories. Winnipeg: Gordon Shillingford Pub.

 

Works Consulted

 

Brandon, R. M. (2014). Promises of Home: Stories of Canada’s British home children. Caledonia, Ont.: Magnolia Press.

 

British Home Children in Canada. http://canadianbritishhomechildren.weebly.com/

 

British Isles Family History Society of Greater Ottawa. British Home Children: Their Stories. (2010). Milton, Ont.: Global Heritage Press.

 

Home Children, 1869-1932 – Library and Archives Canada. http://www.bac-lac.gc.ca/eng/discover/immigration/immigration-records/home- children-1869-1930/pages/home-children.aspx

 

Joyce, S. A. (2014). Laying the Children’s Ghosts to Rest: Canada’s Home Children in the West. Saskatchewan, Canada: Hagios Press.

 

Kohli, M. (2003). The Golden Bridge: Young Immigrants to Canada, 1833-1939. Toronto: Natural Heritage Books.

 

Erin Beaubien

 

The Golden Age of Glitter: Memory-Making through Material Culture

 

Bibliography- cited and consulted

 

Chester, E. (1892) The Unmarried Woman. New York; Dodd, Mead & Co. Retrieved from http://www.everydaylife.amdigital.co.uk.myaccess.library.utoronto.ca/Documents/Images/Theunmarriedwoman/4#Chapters

 

Edwards, C. (2006). Home is where the art is: Women, handicrafts and home improvements 1750-1900. Journal of Design History, 19(1), 11-21. http://www.jstor.org/stable/3838670

 

Kahneman, D. (2010) The Riddle of Experience vs. Memory. Retrieved from http://www.ted.com/talks/daniel_kahneman_the_riddle_of_experience_vs_memory?language=en

 

Katriel, T., Farrell, T. (2009) Scrapbooks as cultural texts: An American art of memory. Text and Performance Quarterly, 11(1), 1-17. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10462939109365990

 

Krugh, M. I. (2014). Joy in labour: The politicization of craft from the arts and crafts movement to Etsy. Canadian Review of American Studies, 44(2), 281-301.

 

Ott, K., Tucker, S., & Buckler, P. (Eds.). (2006). The Scrapbook in American Life. Philadelphia, PA: Temple University Press.

 

Plowman, O. (1910-1917). Postcards to and from Olive Plowman. Plowman family Postcard Collection (fonds). 1902-1932. John M. Kelly Library Special Collections, University of Toronto. Toronto, Ontario.

 

Prochaska, D. & Mendelson, J. (Eds.). (2010) Postcards: Ephemeral Histories of Modernity. Pennsylvania: Penn State UP.

 

Yefremov, I. (2015). Art in the Age of Instagram. Mind this magazine. Retrieved from http://mindthismagazine.com/art-age- instagram/

 

Leora Bebko

 

“Strategic Withdrawal to Prepared Positions”

A “Comic” Commentary on a Sobering Reality

Works Cited

 

Adcock, J. (1970). Les Callan. Retrieved from http://punchincanada.blogspot.ca/2008/09/les-callan.html

 

Fukushima, M. (Director). (1992). Minoru: Memory of Exile [Video file]. Retrieved from http://www.nfb.ca/film/minoru-memory- of-exile/

 

Historicist: At the Front With “Monty and Johnny.” (2010). Torontoist. Retrieved from http://torontoist.com/2010/11/historicist_at_the_front_with_monty_and_johnny/

 

Japanese Canadians. (n.d.). The Canadian Encyclopedia. Retrieved from http://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.ca/en/article/japanese-canadians/

 

Japanese Internment. (n.d.). The Canadian Broadcasting Company. Retrieved from http://www.cbc.ca/history/EPISCONTENTSE1EP14CH3PA3LE.html

 

Japanese Internment: Banished and Beyond Tears. (n.d.). The Canadian Encyclopedia. Retrieved from http://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.ca/en/article/japanese-internment- banished-and-beyond- tears-feature/

 

Sunahara, A. G. (1981). The Politics of Racism: The Uprooting of Japanese Canadians During the Second World War [Ebook]. Toronto: Lorimer. Retrieved from http://books2.scholarsportal.info.myaccess.library.utoronto.ca/viewdoc.html?id=/ebooks/ebooks0/gibson_crkn/2013-10- 16/1/0888624131

 

Works Consulted

 

Pearl Harbor. (2009). The History Channel. Retrieved from http://www.history.com/topics/world-war- ii/pearl-harbor

 

World War II Internment. (n.d.). Sedai: The Japanese Canadian Legacy Project. Retrieved from http://www.sedai.ca/for-students/history- of-japanese-canadians/world- war-ii- internment/

 

Aurora Cacioppo

Delusions of Peace in Banff, Alberta

 

Works Cited

 

Banff Springs Hotel. (1946). American Express Banner Tour Dinner Menu. Mary Williamson Culinary Collection. Thomas Fisher Rare Book Library. Toronto, ON.

 

Finkelstein, M. W., Fong, L., & Coschi, N. (n.d.). Banff National Park. Retrieved from http://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.ca/en/article/banff-national- park/

 

Getty, I. A. (2006, July 02). Stoney-Nakoda. Retrieved from http://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.ca/en/article/stoney-nakoda/

 

Lorenz, D. (2012). Walking the noble (savage) path: The didactics of Indigenous knowledge (re)presentation in the Toronto Zoo Canadian domain (Graduate dissertation, Carleton University). Ottawa, ON: Carleton University.

 

Our History. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.cpr.ca/en/about-cp/our- history

 

Tammemagi, H. (2012, July 13). Many of Canada National Parks Now Honor First Nations Peoples. Retrieved from http://indiancountrytodaymedianetwork.com/2012/07/13/many-canadas- national-parks-now-honor- first-nations- peoples-123279

 

Then and Now – Banff Springs History. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.fairmont.com/banff-springs/promotions/fairmont- banff-springs- history/

 

Kendra Campbell

 

Crossing Borders and Finding Success Despite Racial Discrimination

Alexander Thomas Augusta: Surgeon and Steward to the Black Community

 

Works Cited

 

Butts, H. M. (2005). Alexander Thomas Augusta – Physician, teacher, and human rights activist. Journal of the National Medical Association, 97(1), 106-109. Retrieved from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2568562/pdf/jnma00182-0108.pdf

 

Hendrick, G., & Hendrick, W. (2010). Black refugees in Canada: Accounts of escape during the era of slavery. Jefferson, N.C.: McFarland & Co.

 

Reef, C. (2014). African Americans in the military. Infobase Publishing.

 

Reynolds, C. (2015, February 22). U of T to collect race-based data of its students. The Star. Retrieved from https://www.thestar.com/news/gta/2016/02/22/u-of- t-to-track-race- based-data- of-its- students.html

 

Smardz Frost, K. (2015). A Fresh Start: Black Toronto in the 19th Century. In Lorinc, McClelland, M., Scheinberg, E., and Taylor, T. (Eds), The Ward: The life and loss of Toronto’s first immigrant neighbourhood (pp. 66-70). Coach House.

 

Smardz, F. K. (2007). Communities of resistance: African Canadian and African Americans in antebellum Toronto. Ontario History, 99(1), 44-63.

 

Tabitha Chan

Isolation In The Garment Industry

Portrait of a Homeworker in 1992: Chau Yuet-Sheung

Works Cited

 

Boris, E., & Prügl, E. (1996). Homeworkers in global perspective: Invisible no more. New York: Routledge.

 

Dagg, A., & Fudge, J. (1992). Sewing Pains: Homeworkers in the Garment Trade. Roxana Ng fonds (B2014-0005, Box 47, Folder 4). University of Toronto Archives and Records Management Services, Toronto, ON, Canada.

 

Homeworkers’ Association. (1992). Homeworkers’ Association Objectives & Services. Roxana Ng fonds (B2014-0005, Box 47, Folder 4). University of Toronto Archives and Records Management Services, Toronto, ON, Canada.

 

Paleczny, B. (2000). Clothed in Integrity: Weaving Just Cultural Relations and the Garment Industry. Waterloo, ON: Wilfrid Laurier University Press.

 

Shannon Crewson

 

The Canadian Celtic Arts Association

Celtic Peoples of Canada and their Impact on the Nation

 

Works Cited

 

Chan, J. (2013). Smaointean / Smaointe**. Canadian Celtic Arts Association Newsletter, 4, 1-2. Retrieved from http://canadiancelticarts.ca/ESW/Files/CCAA_Beltain_2013.pdf

 

Citizenship (5), Place of Birth (236), Immigrant Status and Period of Immigration (11), Age Groups (10) and Sex (3) for the Population in Private Households of Canada, Provinces, Territories, Census Metropolitan Areas and Census Agglomerations, 2011 National Household Survey. (2016, January 07). Retrieved from http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/dt-td/Rp-eng.cfm?LANG=E&APATH=3&DETAIL=0&DIM=0&FL=A&FREE=0&GC=0&GID=0&GK=0&GRP=0&PID=105411&PRID=0&PTYPE=105277&S=0&SHOWALL=0&SUB=0&Temporal=2013&THEME=95&VID=0&VNAMEE=&VNAMEF

 

Fergus Scottish Festival and Highland Games in Canada. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://fergusscottishfestival.com/

 

Garavelli, D. (2014, August 03). Outlander sparks global interest in Scots heritage. Retrieved from http://www.scotsman.com/lifestyle/culture/books/outlander-sparks-global-interest-in-scots-heritage-1-3497477

 

McGoogan, K. (2015). Celtic lightning: How the Scots and the Irish created a Canadian nation. Toronto, Ontario: Patrick Crean Editions, HarperCollins.

 

Outlander. (2014, July 26). Series Trailer. [Video file].  Retrieved December from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NIBSn_M75OI

 

The top 20 Irish bars and pubs in Toronto by neighbourhood. (n.d.). [Blog Post]. Retrieved from http://www.blogto.com/eat_drink/2015/03/the_top_20_irish_bars_and_pubs_in_toronto_by_neighbourhood/

 

Photograph Sources

 

Canadian Celtic Arts Home. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://canadiancelticarts.ca/

 

Special Collections, Irish Arts, John M. Kelly Library

 

Works Consulted

 

Bumsted, J. M. (1982). The Scots in Canada. Ottawa: Canadian Historical Association.

 

Ethnic Origin (264), Single and Multiple Ethnic Origin Responses (3), Generation Status (4), Age Groups (10) and Sex (3) for the Population in Private Households of Canada, Provinces, Territories, Census Metropolitan Areas and Census Agglomerations, 2011. National Household Survey. (2016, January 07). Retrieved from Retrieved November 12, 2016, from http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/dt-td/Rp-eng.cfm?LANG=E&APATH=3&DETAIL=0&DIM=0&FL=A&FREE=0&GC=0&GID=0&GK=0&GRP=1&PID=105396&PRID=0&PTYPE=105277&S=0&SHOWALL=0&SUB=0&Temporal=2013&THEME=95&VID=0&VNAMEE&VNAMEF

 

Smith, A. (2004). Fitting into a new place: Irish immigrant experiences in shaping a Canadian landscape. International Journal of Historical Archaeology, 8(3), 217-230. doi:10.1007/s10761-004- 1138-x

 

Cassandra Curtis

Women Step Up

Taking Agency in the Post-War World

 

Works Cited

 

Cotton, E. (August 7, 1962). World Gathering of Women for Disarmament. Retrieved from http://wasi.alexanderstreet.com.myaccess.library.utoronto.ca/UIV/1599836?view=galleryview

 

De Haan, F. (2010). Continuing Cold War paradigms in western historiography of transnational women’s organisations: The case of the Women’s International Democratic Federation (WIDF). Women’s History Review, 19(4), 547-573.

 

McGregor, K. (2016). Opposing Colonialism: the Women’s International Democratic Federation and decolonisation struggles in Vietnam and Algeria 1945–1965. Women’s History Review, 25(6), 925-944.

 

Works Consulted

 

Brookfield, T. (2012). Cold War Comforts: Canadian Women, Child Safety, and Global Insecurity, 1945-1975. Waterloo, Ontario: Wilfrid Laurier University Press.

 

House Un-American Activities Committee. (n.d.). The Eleanor Roosevelt Papers Project. Retrieved from https://www2.gwu.edu/~erpapers/teachinger/glossary/huac.cfm.

 

Women’s International Democratic Federation. (1953). As One! For Equality, For Happiness, For Peace by the Women’s International Democratic Federation. Berlin State Conference.

 

Samantha Eadie

 

Dismantling the Japanese-Canadian Fishing Industry in the West

 

Works Cited

 

Centre for Constitutional Studies: University of Alberta (2008). Japanese Canadian Internment During World War II. Retrieved from https://ualawccsprod.srv.ualberta.ca/ccs/index.php/constitutional-issues/the-charter/equality-rights- section-15/740- japanese-canadian- internment-during- world-war- ii

 

Gomer Sunahara, A. (1981). The Politics of Racism: The Uprooting of Japanese Canadians during the Second World War. Toronto, ON: James Lorimer and Company.

 

Hickman, P. and Fukawa, M. (2012). Righting Canada’s Wrongs: Japanese Canadian Internment in the Second World War. Toronto, ON: James Lorimer & Company Ltd.

 

JapaneseCanadianHistory.net. (n.d.) The War Years. Retrieved from http://japanesecanadianhistory.net/the_war_years.htm.

 

Miki, R. (2004). Redress: Inside the Japanese Canadian Call for Justice. Vancouver, BC: Raincoast Books.

 

Royal B.C. Museum. (n.d.). From Racism to Redress: The Japanese Canadian Experience. Retrieved from http://learning.royalbcmuseum.bc.ca/wpcontent/uploads/2015/06/ePubFaShRacRedJap.pdf

 

Sedai: The Japanese Canadian Legacy Project. (n.d.) World War II & Internment. Retrieved from http://www.sedai.ca/for-students/history- of-japanese- canadians/world-war- ii-internment/.

 

Works Consulted

 

Breti, D. (1998). Canada’s Concentration Camps – The War Measures Act. Retrieved from https://alethonews.wordpress.com/2010/10/10/canadas-concentration- camps-the- war-measures-act/.

 

Kage, T. (2008). Intergenerational conflict and cooperation: Japanese Canadian experience. Official Journal of World Association of Cultural Psychiatry, 3(4), 167-179.

 

National Association of Japanese Canadians. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://najc.ca/about-new/.

 

Nikkei National Museum and Cultural Centre. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://centre.nikkeiplace.org/

 

Roberts-Moore, J. (1986). The Office of the Custodian of Enemy Property: An Overview of the Office and its Records. Archivaria, 22, 95-106.

 

Meagan Fillmore

A Few Plain Directions for Settlers to Upper Canada Migrant Guide

A Few Plain Directions for Persons Intending to Proceed as Settlers

Links

 

Hall, R. History Upper Canada. (2015). Historica Canada. Retrieved from http://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.ca/en/article/upper-canada/

 

Welcome to Canada: What You Should Know. (2013). Citizenship and Immigration Canada. Retrieved from http://www.cic.gc.ca/english/pdf/pub/welcome.pdf

 

Works Cited

 

Chilton, L. (2011). Managing migrants: Toronto, 1820–1880. Canadian Historical Review, 92(2), 231-262.

 

Errington, E. J. (2007). Emigrant worlds and transatlantic communities: Migration to Upper Canada in the first half of the nineteenth century (Vol. 24). McGill-Queen’s Press-MQUP.

 

Works Consulted

 

ARCHIVED Immigrant Guides (2006). Moving here, staying here: The Canadian immigrant experience. Libraries and Archives Canada. Retrieved from https://www.collectionscanada.gc.ca/immigrants/021017-1200- e.html

 

ARCHIVED Travel Documents. (2006). Moving here, staying here: The Canadian immigrant experience. Libraries and Archives Canada. Retrieved from https://www.collectionscanada.gc.ca/immigrants/021017-1400- e.html

 

ARCHIVED- Introduction. (2008). In Quarantine: Life and Death on Grosse Ile 1832-1937. Libraries and Archives Canada. Retrieved from http://www.collectionscanada.gc.ca/grosse-ile/index- e.html

 

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Railway School Cars:

Vehicles of Progress or Propaganda?

 

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Hannah Hadfield

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Maeghan Jerry

Closing the Distance

Exchanging Postcards in early 20 th Century and Today

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The 1885 Craigellachie Telegram

The Last Spike and Hearing the History of the CPR

 

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Valpy, M. (2010, November 8). Anniversary: 125 years after the CPR’s last spike was hammered, what shall our new dream be? Retrieved from The Globe and Mail: http://www.theglobeandmail.com/news/national/125-years-after-the-cprs-last-spike-was-hammered-what-shall-our-new-dream-be/article1241467/?page=all

 

Waite, J. K. (1990). MACDONALD, Sir JOHN ALEXANDER. Retrieved from Dictionary of Canadian Biography: http://www.biographi.ca/en/bio/macdonald_john_alexander_12E.html

 

Jennifer Lee

New Places, Familiar Faces

Finding Community as an International Student

 

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Kenny, K. (2013). Diaspora: A very short introduction. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

 

Yee, P. (2006). Saltwater City: An illustrated history of the Chinese in Vancouver (2nd ed.). Washington: University of Washington Press.

 

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Dawson, M. (2002). From ‘business as usual’ to ‘salesmanship in reverse’: Tourism promotion in British Columbia during the Second World War. The Canadian Historical Review, 83(2), 230-254. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.3138/CHR.83.2.230

 

Hall, C. M., & Williams, A. M. (2002). Tourism and migration: New relationships between production and consumption. Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic.

 

Lai, H. M. (2004). The Chinese-Marxist Left, Chinese Students and Scholars in America, and the New China: Mid-1940s to Mid-1950s. Chinese America: History and Perspectives, 7–27.

 

Mar, L. R. (2010). Brokering belonging: Chinese in Canada’s exclusion era 1885-1945. New York: Oxford University Press.

 

Ng, Wing Chung (1999). The Chinese in Vancouver, 1945-80: The pursuit of identity and power. Vancouver: UBC Press.

 

Pan, L. (1990). Sons of the yellow emperor: A history of the Chinese diaspora. Boston: Little, Brown.

 

Roy, P. (2007). The triumph of citizenship: The Japanese and Chinese in Canada, 1941-67. Vancouver: UBC Press.

 

Madeleine Long

 

Tasting Ukrainian Identity

Teaching Inclusion Through Experience

 

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Abu-Laban, Y. (2008). Pluralism as process: The role of democratic institutions. Pluralism.ca. Retrieved from: http://www.pluralism.ca/images/PDF_docs/pluralism_papers/abu_laban_paper_pp6.pdf

 

Bonnekessen, B. (2010). Food is good to teach: An exploration of the cultural meanings of food. Food, Culture & Society, 13(2), 279-295. DOI: 10.2752/175174410X12633934463277

 

Burke, M. V. (1979a). The Ukrainian Canadians. Toronto: Van  Norstrand Reinhold.

 

Burke, M.V. (1979b). Teacher’s Resource Book: The Ukrainian Canadians. Toronto: Van Norstrand Reinhold.

 

Dycio, A. (2016). Personal communication.

 

Dycio, O. (2016). Personal communication.

 

Johnston, L. & Longhurst, R. (2011). Embodied geographies of food, belonging and hope in multicultural Hamilton, Aotearoa New Zealand. Geoforum, 43, 325-331. DOI: 10.1016/geoforum.2011.08.002

 

Kymlicka, W. (2010). The rise and fall of multiculturalism? New debates on inclusion and accommodation in diverse societies. The International Journal of Social Sciences, 61(199), 97-112. DOI: 10.1111/j.1468-2451.2010.01750.x

 

Ontario, Ministry of Education. (1977). Multiculturalism in Action. [Ontario]: Author.

 

Ontario, Ministry of Education. (1980). Race religion and culture in Ontario school materials: Suggestions for authors and publishers. [Toronto]: Author.

 

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Aponiuk, N. (2015). “…No Longer Quite Ukrainian But Not Quite Canadian Either”: The Ukrainian immigrant in Canadian English-language literature. Canadian Ethnic Studies, 47(4-5), 49-65. DOI: 10.1353/ces.2015.0046

 

Bissoondath, N. (1998). No place like home. New Internationalist, 305. Retrieved from: https://newint.org/features/1998/09/05/multiculturalism/

 

Dycio, A. (n.d.) Recipes for Borsct. Personal Collection.

 

Highmore, B. (2008). Alimentary Agents: Food, cultural theory and multiculturalism. Journal of Intercultural Studies, 29(4), 381-395. DOI: 10.1080/07256860802372337

 

Isajiw, W. W. (2007). The politics of multiculturalism: A Ukrainian-Canadian memoir (review). Canadian Ethnic Studies, 39(1-2), 225-227. Retrieved from: http://muse.jhu.edu/article/254227

 

Kirtz, M. K. (1996). Old world traditions, new world inventions: Bilingualism, multiculturalism, and the transformation of ethnicity. Canadian Ethnic Studies, 28(1), 8-21. Retrieved from: http://myaccess.library.utoronto.ca/login?url=http://search.proquest.com/docview/1293140672?accountid=14771

 

Kymlicka, W. (2011). Multicultural citizenship within multination states. Ethnicities, 1(3), 281-302. DOI: 10.1177/1468796811407813

 

Lalande, J. (2006). The roots of multiculturalism – Ukrainian-Canadian involvement in the multiculturalism discussion in the 1960s as an example of the position of the “Third Force.” Canadian Ethnic Studies, 38(1), 47-64. Retrieved from http://go.galegroup.com.myaccess.library.utoronto.ca/ps/i.do?p=AONE&sw=w&u=utoronto_main&v=2.1&it=r&id=GALE%7CA154070102&asid=73ae8814d15fe9e162831481bccdffa6

 

Ledohowski, L. (2007). Becoming the hyphen: The evolution of English-Language Ukrainian-Canadian literature. Canadian Ethnic Studies, 39(1-2), 107-127. DOI: 10.1353/ces.0.0004

 

Schwartz, E. G. (1995). Essay review: Crossing borders/shifting paradigms, multiculturalism in children’s literature. Harvard Educational Review, 65(4), 634-650. DOI: 10.17763/haer.65.4.6231502vv4n36756

 

Yan, C.M., Chau, S., & Sangha, D. (2009-10). An exploratory study of how multiculturalism policies are implemented at a grassroots level. Canadian Ethnic Studies, 41-42 (3-1), 47-75. DOI: 10.1353/ces.2010. 0036

 

Nikita Lorenzo-Vicente

 

All We Are Asking of You is Justice and Fair Play

Sikh Migration to Canada

 

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Broad, I. R. (1913). An appeal for fair play for the Sikhs in Canada. Place of publication not identified: publisher not identified.

 

East Indian – Library and Archives Canada. (2016, January 11). Retrieved from http://www.bac-lac.gc.ca/eng/discover/immigration/history-ethniccultural/Pages/east-indian.aspx

 

Hastings, P. (2008). Fellow british subjects or colonial “Others”? race, empire, and ambivalence in canadian representations of india in the early twentieth century. American Review of Canadian Studies, 38(1), 3-26. doi:10.1080/02722010809481818

 

History – Canadian Sikh Centre. (2011). Retrieved fromhttp://www.canadiansikhcentre.com/about-canadian-sikh-centre/history/

 

Iacovetta, F., Draper, P., & Ventresca, R. (1998). A nation of immigrants: Women, workers, and communities in Canadian history, 1840s-1960s. Toronto:University of Toronto Press.

 

James, M. (2009). Scaling memory: Reparation displacement and the case of BC. Canadian Journal of Political Science, 42(2), 363-386. doi:10.1017/S0008423909090374

 

News, C. (2016, May 18). Justin Trudeau apologizes in House for 1914 Komagata Maru incident. Retrieved from http://www.cbc.ca/news/politics/komagata-marulive-apology-1.3587827

 

Sarah “Sadie” MacDonald

 

Tangled Philanthropic Intentions

Reverend Pilkington’s reference letter for Home Child Thomas Baker

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Barnett, M. G. (1913). Young Delinquents: A Study of Reformatory and Industrial Schools. London, UK: Methuen. Retrieved from http://galenet.galegroup.com.myaccess.library.utoronto.ca/servlet/MOML?dd=0&af=RN&locID=utoronto_main&srchtp=a&c=1&ste=11&d4=0.33&stp=Author&dc=flc&docNum=F153098370&ae=F153098370&tiPG=1&an=20001573200

 

Chambers, W. & Chambers, R. (1867). Feltham Reformatory. Chambers’s Journal of Popular Literature, Science and Arts, Jan.1854- Nov.1897, (203), 734-736. Retrieved from http://myaccess.library.utoronto.ca/login?url=http://search.proquest.com/docview/2607486?accountid=14771

 

Corbett, G. H. (2002). Nation Builders: Barnardo Children in Canada. Toronto, ON: Dundurn Press. Retrieved from http://books1.scholarsportal.info.myaccess.library.utoronto.ca/viewdoc.html?id=/ebooks/ebooks0/gibson_crkn/2009-12- 01/4/410682

 

Fickling, B., & Lassam, S. (2017, pending). “Good Hands Out to Good Homes”: A File in the Graeme Patterson Fonds at the Trinity College Archives. Ontario History, 109(1), pending. Trinity College Archives.

 

Gilbert, W. (1866). A Plea for Criminal Boys. Good Words, 7, 279-284. Retrieved from http://myaccess.library.utoronto.ca/login?url=http://search.proquest.com/docview/3311907?accountid=14771

 

Kohli, M. (2003). The Golden Bridge: Young Immigrants to Canada, 1833-1939. Toronto, ON: Dundurn.

 

Moran, B. (1871, May 15). Mr. Moran to Mr. Fish. In Congressional Serial Set (pp.8-9). Washington D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office. Retrieved from https://books.google.ca/books?id=5HkvAAAAYAAJ&source=gbs_navlinks_s

 

Ochefski, L. (2011). British Home Children in Canada. British Home Children Advocacy & Research Association. Retrieved from http://canadianbritishhomechildren.weebly.com

 

Parr, J. (1980). Labouring Children: British Immigrant Apprentices to Canada, 1869-1924. Toronto, ON: University of Toronto Press.

 

Pilkington, N. G. (1871a, April 27). Mr. Pilkington to Mr. Moran. In Congressional Serial Set (pp. 9). Washington D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office. Retrieved from https://books.google.ca/books?id=5HkvAAAAYAAJ&source=gbs_navlinks_s

 

Pilkington, N. G. (1871b, May 3). Mr. Pilkington to Mr. Moran. In Congressional Serial Set (pp.10). Washington D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office. Retrieved from https://books.google.ca/books?id=5HkvAAAAYAAJ&source=gbs_navlinks_s

 

Pilkington, N. G. (1870, July 15). Written letter #2 from Mr. Pilkington. (Box 13, File 1,Document 17a. Graeme Patterson Fonds, F2008). Trinity College Archives, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario.

 

Pilkington, N.G. (1870, July 18). Written letter #3 from Mr. Pilkington (Recommendation for Farmer). (Box 13, File 1, Document 17b. Graeme Patterson Fonds, F2008). Trinity College Archives, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario.

 

Sheldon, N. (2013). Something in the Place of Home: Children in Institutional Care 1850-1918. In Nigel Goose and Katrina Honeyman (eds.), Childhood and Child Labour in Industrial England: Diversity and Agency, 1750-1914 (pp. 255-276). Dorchester, UK: Ashgate Publishing Limited.

 

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Alford, S. (1880). The Influence of Habitual Drunkenness on Criminality. The Church of England Temperance Chronicle, 8(3), 749-750. London: Wells Gardner & Co. Retrieved from https://books.google.ca/books?id=PecTAAAAQAAJ&printsec=frontcover&source=gbs_ge_summary_r&cad=0#v=onepage&q&f=false

 

Bagnell, K. (2001). The Little Immigrants: The Orphans Who Came to Canada. Toronto, ON: The Dundurn Group.

 

Chambers, W. & Chambers, R. (1867). Reformatories. Chambers’s Journal of Popular Literature, Science and Arts, Jan.1854-Nov.1897 (569), 744-747. Retrieved from http://myaccess.library.utoronto.ca/login?url=http://search.proquest.com/docview/2581064?accountid=14771

 

Creighton, C. (2013). Changing Conceptualizations of Children’s Rights in Early Industrial Britain. In Nigel Goose and Katrina Honeyman (eds.), Childhood and Child Labour in Industrial England: Diversity and Agency, 1750-1914 (231-253). Dorchester, UK: Ashgate Publishing Limited.

 

Dixon, W. (1871). Annual Report of London Immigration Agent. Sessional Papers of the Dominion of Canada, Session 1871, Volume 6, Number 61, 62-73. Ottawa: I.B. Taylor. Retrieved from http://eco.canadiana.ca/view/oocihm.9_08052_4_6/413?r=0&s=1

 

Donaldson, J. A. (1871). Annual Report of the Toronto Immigration Agent. Sessional Papers of the Dominion of Canada, Session 1871, Volume 6, Number 61, 36-38. Ottawa: I.B. Taylor. Retrieved from http://eco.canadiana.ca/view/oocihm.9_08052_4_6/387?r=0&s=1

Goose, N. & Honeyman, K. (2013). Childhood and Child Labour in Industrial England: Diversity and Agency, 1750-1914. Dorchester, UK: Ashgate Publishing Limited.

 

Gregory, R. (1886). Is Crime Increasing or Decreasing with the Spread of Education? The National Review 6(36), 772-783. Retrieved from http://myaccess.library.utoronto.ca/login?url=http://search.proquest.com/docview/6645745?accountid=14771

 

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Humphries, J. (2013). Care and Cruelty in the Workhouse. In Nigel Goose and Katrina

 

Honeyman, K. (eds.), Childhood and Child Labour in Industrial England: Diversity and Agency, 1750-1914 (115-134). Dorchester, UK: Ashgate Publishing Limited.

 

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Library and Archives Canada. (2016). Home Children, 1869-1932. Government of Canada. Retrieved from http://www.bac-lac.gc.ca/eng/discover/immigration/immigration-records/home-children- 1869-1930/pages/home- children.aspx

 

Library and Archives Canada. (2016). Home Children Records. Government of Canada. Retrieved from http://www.bac-lac.gc.ca/eng/discover/immigration/immigration-records/home- children-1869- 1930/immigration-records/Pages/search.aspx

 

Library and Archives Canada. (2016). Passenger Lists, 1865-1922. Government of Canada. Retrieved from http://www.bac-lac.gc.ca/eng/discover/immigration/immigration-records/passenger-lists/passenger- lists-1865- 1922/Pages/search.aspx

 

Library and Archives Canada. (2016). Passenger Lists for the Port of Quebec City and Other Ports, 1865-1922. Government of Canada. Retrieved from http://www.bac-lac.gc.ca/eng/discover/immigration/immigration-records/passenger- lists/passenger-lists-quebec-port- 1865-1900/Pages/search.aspx

 

London Metropolitan Archives. (2016). London, England, Workhouse Admission and Discharge Records, 1659-1930. Ancestry. Retrieved from http://search.ancestry.co.uk/search/db.aspx?dbid=60391&cj=1&o_xid=0002383845&o_lid=0002383845&o_sch=Affiliate+External

 

MacPherson, J. (1866). Annual Report of Mr. MacPherson, the Kingston Agent. Sessional Papers of the Dominion of Canada, session 1866, Volume 2, Number 5, 42-47. Retrieved from http://eco.canadiana.ca/view/oocihm.9_01607_9_2/262?r=0&s=1

 

MacPherson, R. (1871). Annual Report of Kingston Immigration Agent. Sessional Papers of the Dominion of Canada, Session 1871, Volume 6, Number 61, 52-54. Ottawa: I.B. Taylor. Retrieved from http://eco.canadiana.ca/view/oocihm.9_08052_4_6/403?r=0&s=1

 

Middlesex Industrial School. (1853). Middlesex Industrial Schools – Proposed Legislation. Ragged School Union Magazine, 5(49), 101-106. Retrieved from http://myaccess.library.utoronto.ca/login?url=http://search.proquest.com/docview/3870183?accountid=14771

 

Pownall, H. (1853). Popish Chaplains and the Middlesex Industrial Schools. Ragged School Union Magazine, 5(49), 134-135. Retrieved from http://myaccess.library.utoronto.ca/login?url=http://search.proquest.com/docview/3885485?accountid=14771

 

Stafford, L. (1871). Annual Report of Quebec Immigration Agent. Sessional Papers of the Dominion of Canada, Session 1871, Volume 6, Number 61, 21-28. Ottawa: I.B. Taylor. Retrieved from http://eco.canadiana.ca/view/oocihm.9_08052_4_6/372?r=0&=1

 

Trinity College Archives. (n.d.). Graeme Patterson Fonds. (F2008, Box 13, File 1). Trinity College Archives, University of Toronto, Toronto.

(1870). Crockford’s Clerical Directory for 1870. London: Horace Cox. Retrieved from https://books.google.ca/books?id=ZwMFAAAAQAAJ&printsec=frontcover&;source=gbs_ge_summary_r&;cad=0#v=onepage&q&f=false

 

Napat Malathum

 

Personal Reflections on the Pursuit for Education

 

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Japanese American Citizens League. (2008). An Unnoticed Struggle. Retrieved from https://jaclseattle.files.wordpress.com/2009/03/an20unnoticed20struggle.pdf

 

Lai, H. M. (2004). The Chinese-Marxist left, Chinese students and scholars in America, and the New China: Mid-1940s to mid-1950s. Chinese America: History and Perspectives, 1. ISSN (10517642).

 

Sim, S. K. (1946, December 7). A Chinese Arrives in the U.S.A. [Essay]. University of Toronto Archives, Stephen Kah-Sun Sim Personal Records, B2009-0017/003(03).

 

UNESCO Institute for Statistics. (2014). Global Flow of Tertiary-Level Students. Retrieved from http://www.uis.unesco.org/Education/Pages/international-student-flow-viz.aspx

 

Kelly Manikoth

 

Easing Isolation, Establishing Independence

The Rexdale Immigrant Women Centre’s Community Outreach Program

 

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Canadian Museum of Immigration at Pier 21. (2016). Immigration act, 1976. Retrieved from: http://www.pier21.ca/research/immigration-history/immigration-act-1976

 

Choudhry, U. (2001). Uprooting and resettlement experiences of South Asian immigrant women. Western Journal of Nursing Research, 23(4), 376-393. Retrieved from http://journals.sagepub.com.myaccess.library.utoronto.ca/doi/pdf/10.1177/019394590102300405

 

Qadeer, M., & Kumar, S. (2006). Ethnic enclaves and social cohesion. Canadian Journal of Urban Research, 15(2), 1-17. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net.myaccess.library.utoronto.ca/10680/382

Rexdale immigrant women’s program – Overcoming isolation. [Pamphlet]. (1980). Toronto, ON: n.p.

 

Rexdale Women’s Centre. (2016). About us. Retrieved from: http://www.rexdalewomen.org/

 

Sheel, R. (2008). Marriage, money and gender: A case study of the migrant Indian community in Canada. In R. Palriwala & P. Uberoi (Eds.), Women and Migration in Asia: Marriage, migration and gender, 5, 215-234. New Delhi: SAGE Publications Ltd.

 

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Battered women’s support services. (2010). Canadian immigration: Landscape and Overview. Retrieved from: http://www.bwss.org/wp-content/uploads/2010/06/canadian-immigration-system.pdf

 

Bhugra, D. & Gupta, S. (2011). Migration and Mental Health. New York: Cambridge University Press.

 

Canadian Council for Refugees. (2013). Key Refugee and Immigration Issues for Women and Girls. Retrieved from: http://ccrweb.ca/en/key-issues-women-and-girls-2013

 

Eisenstein, E. (1979). The Printing Press as an Agent of Change: Communications and Cultural Transformations in Early-Modern Europe. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press

 

Jong G. J., Pas, S., & Keating, N. (2015). Loneliness of older immigrant groups in Canada: Effects of ethnic-cultural background. Journal of Cross-Cultural Gerontology, 30(3), 251-268. doi:10.1007/s10823-015-9265-x

 

Palriwala, R. & Uberoi, P. (Eds.) (2008). Women and Migration in Asia: Marriage, migration and gender (Vols. 1-5). New Delhi: SAGE Publications Ltd. doi: 10.4135/9788132100324

 

Ponizovsky, A. M., & Ritsner, M. S. (2004). Patterns of loneliness in an immigrant population. Comprehensive Psychiatry, 45(5), 408-414. doi:10.1016/j.comppsych.2004.03.011

 

Statistics Canada. (2016). Immigrant women. Retrieved from: http://www.statcan.gc.ca/pub/89-503-x/2015001/article/14217-eng.htm

 

Tanya McCullough

 

From Edward to Markham Streets

Making it Out of the Ward

 

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Bruce, H. A. (1934). Report of the Lieutenant-Governor’s Committee of Housing Conditions in Toronto, 1934. Centre for Urban and Community Studies. University of Toronto, p. 5. Retrieved from http://www.urbancentre.utoronto.ca/pdfs/policyarchives/1934

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Gurofsky, L. (1917, October 25). [Letter to S. H. Jones]. 50, 52, 54 Edward Street, property management, 1916–1920, Office of the Bursar Fonds (F1004, 1986-0096, Box 59, Folder 9). Trinity College Archives, Toronto, Canada.

 

Peters, J. H.  (n.d.). Rayon Lingerie Catalog. Toronto Public Library Archives. Retrieved from http://www.torontopubliclibrary.ca/detail.jsp?Entt=RDM2615761&R

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Lorinc, J., McClelland, M., Scheinberg, E., & Taylor, T. (2015). The Ward: The life and loss of Toronto’s first immigrant neighbourhood. Toronto: Coach House Books.

 

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Province of Ontario (1892, February 4). [Item: Murray Gurofsky]. Ontario Births, 1869– 1911 (FHL mircrofilm 1846239), Archives of Ontario, Toronto, Canada. Retrieved from FamilySearch.org (Image no.: 00524): https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:939J-DC93-MV

 

Province of Ontario. (1898, April 27). [Item: Cecil Gurofsky]. Ontario Births, 1869–1911 (FHL microfilm 1928123), Archives of Ontario, Toronto, Canada. Retrieved from FamilySearch.org (Image no. 00300): https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:939J- DDLB-R.

 

Province of Ontario. (1933, May 8). [Item: Ezra Metter]. Registration of Deaths, 1869–1938 (MS 935, reel 477), Archives of Ontario, Toronto, Canada. Retrieved from Ancestry.ca: http://interactive.ancestry.ca/8946/VRDCAN1933_10264000217?pid=2836185&backurl=//search.ancestry.ca//cgi-bin/sse.dll?ti%3D5543%26indiv%3Dtry%26db%3

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Province of Ontario. (1934, February 26). [Item: Louis Gurfosky]. Registration of Deaths, 1869–1938 (MS 935, reel 478), Archives of Ontario, Toronto, Canada. Retrieved from FamilySearch.org (Image no.: 820): https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:9Q97-Y3SK-1P6?mode=g&i=819&cc=1307826

 

Toronto City Directory. (1906). Toronto: Might Directories Ltd.

 

Toronto City Directory. (1917). Toronto: Might Directories Ltd.

 

Toronto City Directory. (1918). Toronto: Might Directories Ltd.

 

Kristen McLaughlin

 

Treasures Through Time

How Postcard Collecting in the Early 20th Century Continues to Influence Women’s Travel

 

Works Cited

 

Archives Association of Ontario. (2014). Plowman Family Postcard Collection.

https://www.archeion.ca/plowman-family-postcard-collection

 

Burns, P. (2004). Six postcards from Arabia: A visual discourse of colonial travels in the Orient.

Tourist Studies, 4(3), 255-275. doi:10.1177/1468797604057327

 

Gillen, J. (2013). Writing Edwardian postcards. Journal of Sociolinguistics, 17(4), 488-521.

Retrieved from http://journals1.scholarsportal.info.myaccess.library.utoronto.ca/details/13606441/v17i0004/488_wep.xml

 

Hjorth, L., & Pink, S. (2014). New visualities and the digital wayfarer: Reconceptualizing

camera phone photography and locative media. Mobile Media & Communication, 2(1),

40-57. doi: 10.1177/2050157913505257

 

Leggot, S. (2008). The workings of memory: Life-writing by women in early twentieth-

century Spain. Lewisburg: Bucknell University Press. Retrieved from

http://myaccess.library.utoronto.ca/login?url=http://search.proquest.com/docview/1996555?accountid=14771

 

Price, C. (2013). Tokens of renewal: The picture postcard as a secular relic of re-creation and

recreation. Culture and Religion, 14(1), 111-130. doi:10.1080/14755610.2012.756408

 

Ricci, G. R. (2014). Travel, discovery, transformation. New Jersey: Transaction Publishers.

 

Rogan, B. & Brown, S. (2005). An entangled object: The picture postcard as souvenir and

collectible, exchange, and ritual communication. Cultural Analysis 4, 1-27. Retrieved

from http://go.galegroup.com.myaccess.library.utoronto.ca/ps/i.do?p=AONE&sw=w&u=

utoronto_main&v=2.1&it=r&id=GALE%7CA171539675&asid=65f0491c9076e4cbea48

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Roy, W. (2005). Maps of difference: Canada, women, and travel. Montreal: McGill-Queen’s

Press.

 

Silver, A. (2010, June 10). ‘20th century travel’: Faster, better, democratized. The Huffington

Post. Retrieved from http://www.huffingtonpost.com/allison-silver/20th-century-travelfaste_b_607978.html

 

Smith, S. (2001). Moving lives: Twentieth-century women’s travel writing. Minneapolis:

University of Minnesota Press.

 

Works Consulted

 

Bachmann, L. (2014). Female friendship and gender transformation. European Journal of

Women’s Studies, 21(2), 165-179. doi:10.1177/1350506813515856

 

Bromby, D. (2002). The eastern townships research centre postcard collection. Journal of Eastern Township Studies, 20, 133-143. Retrieved from http://myaccess.library.utoronto.ca/login?url=http://search.proquest.com/doc

 

Calder, D. O., & Gavey, N. (2016). Jekyll and Hyde revisited: Young people’s constructions

of feminism, feminists, and the practice of “reasonable feminism”. Feminism &

Psychology, 26(4), 487-507.  doi:10.1177/0959353516660993

 

Kearns, S. (2001). Collecting picture postcards. Dublin Historical Record, 54(2), 139-144.

Retrieved from http://www.jstor.org.myaccess.library.utoronto.ca/stable/30101278

 

Klich, L., & Weiss, B. (2012). The Postcard Age: Selections from the Leonard A. Lauder

Collection. Boston: Museum of Fine Arts.  

 

Lamont, V., & Kulba, T. (2006). The periodical press and western woman’s suffrage movements

in Canada and the United States: A comparative study. Women’s Studies International

Forum, 29(3), 265-278. doi:10.1016/j.wsif.2006.04.005

 

McCammon, H. J. (2003). “Out of the parlors and into the streets”: The changing tactical

Repertoire of the U.S. women’s suffrage movements. Social Forces, 81(3), 787-818.

Retrieved from http://go.galegroup.com.myaccess.library.utoronto.ca/ps/i.do?p=AONE&sw=w&u=utoronto_main&v=2.1&it=r&id=GALE%7CA10022339&sid=summon&asid=87bfda6ea361070e128ea685310246a0

 

Pritchard, A., & Morgan, N. (2003). Mythic geographies of representation and identity:

Contemporary postcards of Wales. Journal of Tourism and Cultural Change 1(2), 111-

  1. doi:10.1080/14766820308668163

 

Rudez, H.N, & Vodeb, K. (2015). Students’ use of social media during the travel process.

Tourism and Hospitality Management, 21(2), 179-190. Retrieved fromhttp://myaccess.library.utoronto.ca/login?url=http://search.proquest.com/docview/17562131?accountid=14771

 

Servidio, R. (2015). Images, affective evaluation, and personality traits in tourist behaviour: An

exploratory study with Italian postcards. Tourism Management Perspectives, 16, 237-246.

http://dx.doi.org.myaccess.library.utoronto.ca/10.1016/j.tmp.2015.08.003

 

Siegel, K. (2004). Gender, genre, and identity in women’s travel writing. Bern: Peter Lang

International Academic Publishers.

 

Sultana, W., & Nayeem, S. (2015). Social media usage among women: A study in Mangalore

Taluk. National Journal on Advances in Computing and Management, 6(2), Retrieved

from http://myaccess.library.utoronto.ca/login?url=http://search.proquest.com/docview/1789513176?accuntid=14771

 

The Canadian Encyclopedia. (2016). Women’s suffrage in Canada. Retrieved from

http://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.ca/en/article/suffrage/

 

Amanda McNeil

 

A Teacher’s Gift

One Scot’s Influence on Canadian Education

Works Cited

Bethune, A. N. (1870). Memoir of the Right Reverend John Strachan: First Bishop of Toronto. Toronto: Henry Rowsell.

Burnsted, J. M. (1982). The Scots in Canada. Canada’s Ethnic Groups, 1, 3-19.

 

Corman, L. (2008). John Strachan’s College Library. Journal of the Canadian Church Historical Society, 50, 16-32.

 

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Boorman, S. (1969). John Toronto: A biography of Bishop Strachan. Toronto; Vancouver: Clarke Irwin and Company.

 

Lassam, S. (2012). The Strachan Epergne.

 

Moir, J. S. (1999). John Strachan and Presbyterianism. Journal of the Canadian Church Historical Society, 41(2). 81-97

 

Presentation of a piece of plate to the Venerable Dr. Strachan. (1833). The Courier of Upper Canada, 2.

 

Scottish Canadians. (2016). In The Canadian Encyclopedia. Retrieved from http://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.ca/en/article/scots/.

 

Abebe Mengesha

 

Hearne’s Journey to the Copper Mine

 

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Browns, J. (2001). Domesticating Doctrines: Aboriginal Peoples After the Royal Commission.

C.W.Jefferys. (2016). Heritage transfer. Retrieved from http://www.cwjefferys.ca/imperial-oil-collection-presentation

Hudson’s Bay Company Archives. (n.d.).Hudson’s Bay Company History – Introduction. Manitoba. Retrieved from https://www.gov.mb.ca/chc/archives/hbca/about/hbc_history.html

 

McGill Law Journal/Revue de Droit de McGill, vol. 46. Retrieved on December 4,2016 from http://www.lawjournal.mcgill.ca/userfiles/other/4122068-46.3.Borrows.pdf

 

Malcolm,G. P. (1955). Explorers and Discoverers in Canada. Canada. Imperial Oil Limited. http://www.imperialoil.ca/en-ca/company/about  

 

Alexis Moline

Japanese-Canadian Experiences during World War II:

Media Representation of “The Enemy” Newspaper Content in British Columbia

 

Works Cited

 

Greenaway, J. E. (2008). The New Canadian – A History. Retrieved from http://jccabulletin-geppo.ca/the-new-canadian-a-history/

 

Marsh, J. H. (2012, February 23). Japanese Internment: Banished and Beyond Tears. Retrieved from http://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.ca/en/article/japanese-internment-banished-and-beyond-tears-feature/

 

Miki, R. (2004). Redress: Inside the Japanese Canadian call for justice. Vancouver: Raincoast Books.

 

Rocha, F. (2015). Preserving the growing collection of Japanese Canadian redress materials at the University of Toronto libraries. [Powerpoint slides]. Retrieved from https://drive.google.com/file/d/0B92jxIAupa3ALXlJbF9QdEJkV2s/view

 

Roy, P. E. (2007). The triumph of citizenship: The Japanese and Chinese in Canada, 1941-67. Vancouver: UBC Press.

 

Shears, F.G. Box 12 Collection, Thomas Fisher Rare Book Library.

 

Works Consulted

 

Ishikawa, W. (2003). Japanese-Canadian education during the world War II internment. Ottawa: National Library of Canada.

 

Japanese Internment. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.cbc.ca/history/EPISCONTENTSE1EP14CH3PA3LE.html

 

Omatsu, M. (1992). Bittersweet passage: Redress and the Japanese Canadian experience. Toronto: Between The Lines.

 

Shears, F.G. Box 13 Collection, Thomas Fisher Rare Book Library.

 

The War Years. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.japanesecanadianhistory.net/the_war_years.htm

 

Hannah Monkman

The Power of Voice:

Media Representation and the Injustices Against Japanese Canadians During World War II

 

Works Cited

 

Government of Canada. (2016, December 2). Canadian Multiculturalism Act. Justice Laws Website. Retrieved from http://laws-lois.justice.gc.ca/eng/acts/C-18.7/page-1.html

 

Kobayashi, A. (1998). Exiles in Our Own Country. Richmond Hill: Nikkei Network of Niagara.

 

Marsh, J. H., & Yarhi, E. (2016, November 28). Japanese Internment: Banished and Beyond Tears. In The Canadian Encyclopedia. Retrieved from http://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.ca/en/article/japaneseinternmentbanishedandbeyond-tears-feature/

 

Omatsu, M. (1992). Bittersweet Passage: Redress and the Japanese Canadian Experience. Toronto: Between the Lines.

 

Sunahara, A., & Oikawa, M. (2015, March 4). Japanese Canadians. In The Canadian Encyclopedia. Retrieved from http://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.ca/en/article/japanese-canadians/

 

Takata, T. (1983). Nikkei Legacy: The Story of Japanese Canadians from Settlement to Today. Toronto: NC Press Limited.

 

Tsuji, M. (2014, November 19). Sakura Gala to Honour Jewish Community’s Contributions to Japanese Canadians. Nikkei Voice. Retrieved from http://nikkeivoice.ca/sakuragala-to-honour-jewish-communitys-contributions-to-japanese-canadians/

 

Works Consulted

 

Broadfoot, B. (1977). Years of Sorrow, Years of Shame: The Story of the Japanese Canadians in World War II. Toronto: Doubleday Canada.

 

Miki, A. K. (2003). The Japanese Canadian Redress Legacy: A Community Revitalized. Winnipeg: National Association of Japanese Canadians.

 

Nakano, T. U., with Chan, L. M. W. (2012). Within the barbed wire fence: a Japanese man’s account of his internment in Canada (2nd ed.). Toronto: James Lorimer & Company Ltd., Publishers.

Oikawa, M. (2012). Cartographies of Violence: Japanese Canadian Women, Memory, and the Subjects of Internment. Toronto; Buffalo; London: University of Toronto Press.

 

SEDAI:  The Japanese Canadian Legacy Project. (2016). SEDAI Archive. Retrieved from http://www.sedai.ca/archive/.

 

Sunahara, A. G. (1981). The Politics of Racism: The Uprooting of Japanese Canadians During the Second World War. Toronto: James Lorimer & Company, Publishers.

 

Ward, W. P. (1982). The Japanese in Canada. Canadian Historical Association.

 

Alice Norton-Bell

The Train Cart Schools of Northern Ontario

Building a Community for Young Immigrants

 

Works Cited

 

Adams, L., & Kirova, A. (2007). Global Migration and Education: School, Children, and

Families. Mahway, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

 

Christou, T. M. (2014). The railway school cars and Ontario’s isolated peoples. Country

School Journal, 2, 24-34.

 

Clewley, G. R., & Kelly, N. (1975). Report on the Car Schools of Northern Ontario. Toronto,

ON: (n.p.).

 

Nguyen, D., & Stritikus, T. (2012). Strategic Identity Negotiation: Understanding the

Complexities of Immigrant Youth in Schools. In D. A. Urias (Ed.), The Immigration and Education Nexus (pp. 57-81). Rotterdam: Sense.

 

Ontario Department of Education. (1927). Memorandum for the Minister of Education Re.

Railway School Cars. Toronto, ON: A. B. Macdougall.

 

Schuessler, K., & Schuessler, M. (1986). School on Wheels: Reaching and Teaching the Isolated

Children of the North. Erin, Ontario: Boston Mills Press.

 

Works Consulted

 

Allan, G. R., & Stephenson, B. (1983). Report of the Commission of Inquiry Regarding Small

Secondary Schools in Northern Ontario. Toronto: Ontario Ministry of Education.

 

Christou, T. M. (2012). Progressive Education: Revisioning and Reframing Ontario’s Public

Schools, 1919-1942. University of Toronto Press.

 

Gold, B. (2001). Strange School, Secret Wish. Vancouver: Beach Holme Publishing

 

Katz, M, B. (1972). “Who Went to School?”. In M. B. Katz (Ed.), History of Education

Quarterly, 12(3), 432-454.

 

Lopez, D. (2012). Immigrant Identities in Transnational Contexts: The Figured World of a New

York City English Literacy and Civics Education Classroom. In D. A. Urias (Ed.), The Immigration and Education Nexus (pp. 189-207). Rotterdam: Sense.

 

Mallea, J. R., & Young, J.C. (1984). Cultural Diversity and Canadian Education: Issues and

Innovations. Ottawa, Canada: Carleton University Press.

 

Mehmedbegovic, D. (2012). Developing Intercultural Competencies: Classroom Interventions in

London Schools. In D. A. Urias (Ed.), The Immigration and Education Nexus, 161-169. Rotterdam: Sense.

 

Prentice, A. (1972). Education and the Metaphor of the Family: The Upper Canadian Example.

In M. B. Katz (Ed.), History of Education Quarterly, 12(3), 281-303. DOI: https://doi.org/10.2307/367515

 

Reitz, J. G. (2012). The Distinctiveness of Canadian Immigration Experience. Patterns of  Prejudice, 46(5), 518-538. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/0031322X.2012.718168

 

Schrottner, B.T. (2012). The Need for Global Consciousness: Debate on Globalization,

Migration, and Education. In D. A. Urias (Ed.), The Immigration and Education Nexus (pp. 21-36). Rotterdam: Sense.

 

Wilson, J.D. (Ed.). (1984). An Imperfect Past: Education and society in Canadian history.

Vancouver, BC: Published in association with the Canadian History of Education Association by Centre for the Study of Curriculum and Instruction, University of British Columbia.

 

Katie Paolozza

 

A Canadian Keepsake

What’s in a menu?

Works Cited

 

CPR/CNR (1941) Table d’Hote Menu. Mary Williamson Culinary Collection. Thomas Fisher Rare Book Library, University of Toronto.

 

Macpherson, C. (2009). A Cargo of Cocoa: Chocolate’s Early History in Canada. In N. Cooke (Ed.), What’s to Eat? Entrées in Canadian Food History (pp. 79-98). Montreal & Kingston: McGill-Queen’s University Press.

 

Works Consulted

 

Lotz, J. (1984). The Mounties: The History of the Royal Canadian Mounted Police. Greenwich, Conn: Royce.

 

Heimann, J., Heller, S., & Mariani, J. F. (2011). Menu Design in America: A Visual and Culinary History of Graphic Styles and Design 1850-1985. J Heimann (Ed.). Köln: Taschen.

 

Monaghan, J. (2013). Mounties in the Frontier: Circulations, Anxieties, and Myths of Settler Colonial Policing in Canada. Journal of Canadian Studies/Revue d’études canadiennes, 47(1), 122-148. Retrieved from http://muse.jhu.edu.myaccess.library.utoronto.ca/article/535646.

 

Partikian, M. & Viaud, J. (Eds.). (2013). 100 Years of Canadian Railway Recipes. Quebec: Culture et Communications Québec.

 

Sarah Proulx

Women’s Roles in Museum Education:

Blurring the Boundaries of “Femininity” in the Mid-20th Century

Works Cited

 

Baldwin, M., Pantazzi, S., & Mass, D.D. (1958). The art gallery of Toronto: News and notes. News Toronto Art Gallery of Toronto, Vols 1-10. 1957-66. The Art Gallery of Ontario Edward P. Taylor Library and Archives, Toronto, ON.     

 

Beverley House to Stewart Houston. (March 25, 1908). Letter to Stewart Houston on Beverley

House Stationary (Box 3, Folder 7). The Art Gallery of Ontario Edward P. Taylor Library and Archives, Toronto, ON.     

 

Ritchie, D. (2014). Ritchie’s: The inside story: Insights of a Toronto Auctioneer, 1968-1995. Victory, BC: Friesen Press.  

 

Zankowics, K. (2014). In her hands: Women’s educational work at the Royal Ontario Museum, the Canadian National Exhibition and the Art Gallery of Toronto, 1900s-1950s (Doctoral dissertation). University of Toronto: Toronto, ON.

 

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Cunningham, H. (2009). Mobilities and enclosures after Seattle: politicizing borders in a “Borderless” world. Dialectical Anthropology, 33(2), 143-156.

 

Golding, G. (1954, September 30). The Week’s Social News. The Port Credit Weekly. Retrieved from http://pub.canadiana.ca/view/omcn.PortCreditWeekly12/299?r=0&s=5  

 

Mihalache, I. (2016). A Museum’s Culinary Life: Women’s Committees and Food at the Art Gallery of Toronto. Global Food History, 2(2), 1-22.

 

Nosan, G. (2003). Women in the Galleries: Prestige, Education, and Volunteerism at Mid-Century. Art Institute of Chicago Museum Studies, 29(1), 46-71.

 

Scardellato, G. (2007). A century and more of Italians in Toronto: An overview of settlement. Quaderni d’italianistica, 28(1), 7-31.

 

Trent University Archives. (n.d.). Gilbert and Stewart Gagnani fonds. Additions.—1662-1997.—3m 55cm of textual records and other materials. Retrieved from http://www2.trentu.ca/library/archives/97-003.htm

 

Naomi Recollet

 

MAPPING A NORTHERN CANOE ROUTE, circa 1881

Exploring New Land and Building Indigenous Relationships

 

Project Resources

 

Carlson, H.M. (2008). Introduction. In Home is the Hunter: The James Bay Cree and their Land (pp. 3-25).  Vancouver, UBC Press.

 

Cree Hunters and Trappers Income Security. Location and Description of the Cree Communities of Northern Quebec (website). Retrieved from http://www.chtisb.ca/cree-communities/location-description/

 

Evans (III), G.H. (1978). Lake Mistassini. In The Rupert that was (pp. 74-83). Cobalt, Ontario, Highway Bookshop.

_____ (1978).  Rupert’s House. In The Rupert That Was (pp. 197-207). Cobalt, Ontario, Highway Bookshop.

 

Galbraith, J. (1885) Canoe Trip from Lake Superior to Hudson Bay and Return via Lake

Mistassini and the Saguenay River to Tadousac. In Transactions of the Geographical Society of Quebec (pp. 1-12).  Retrieved from: <https://books.google.ca/books?id=ABsSAAAAYAAJ&lpg=PA119&ots=qZR46kjr23&dq=canoe%20trip%20from%20lake%20superior%20to%20hudson%20bay%20and%20return%20via%20lake%20mistassini%201885&pg=RA1-PA1#v=onepage&q&f=false>

 

Galbraith, J. (1881).  Hand drawn map by John Galbraith of canoe route taken from Rupert’s House to Lake Mistassini in July and August 1881 [map].  John Galbraith fonds (B1987-0061).  University of Toronto Archives and Records Management Services, U of T Archives Image Bank.  

Section 3 of 5 (2007-10-1cMS): http://heritage.utoronto.ca/fedora/repository/default%3A22792

Section 4 of 5 (2007-10-1dMS):  http://heritage.utoronto.ca/fedora/repository/default%3A22802

 

  1. Bishop (Toponymist, Cree Nation Government/Aanischaaukamikw Cree Cultural Institute.  Personal Communication, November 10th , 11th , & 21st 2016)

 

Morantz, T. (2002). James Bay at the End of the Nineteenth Century.  In The White Man’s Gonna Getcha: The Colonial Challenge to the Crees in Quebec (pp. 27-72). Montreal, McGill-Queen’s University Press.

 

Moriarty, C. (1989). Chapter 4: Northern Adventure. In John Galbraith 1846-1914: Engineer and Educator a Portrait (pp. 28-40).  Toronto, University of Toronto Press.

 

Salisbury, R.F. (1986). Introduction. In A Homeland for the Cree: Regional Development in James Bay 1971-1981 (pp. 3-12).  Montreal, McGill-Queen’s University Press.

 

University of Toronto Engineering Society. (1913-1914). Twenty-Fifth Annual Dinner of the Engineering Society. Applied Science, Vol.3, pp. 190-198

 

Young, C.R. (1958). Early Engineering Education at Toronto 1851-1919. Toronto, University of Toronto Press.

 

Sarah Rolko

 

Katherine Langdon Wilks

The Means to Start a New Life in Canada

 

Works Cited

Cambridge Archives and Records Centre: Katherine Langdon Wilks. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.cambridge.ca/cs_pubaccess/hall_of_fame.php?aid=58&cpid=0&scpid=0&did=2&sid=34&ssid=0&tp=0&grid=0.

 

Erickson, C. (1949). The Encouragement of Emigration by British Trade Unions, 1850-1900. Population Studies, 3(3), 248-273.

 

Katherine Langdon Wilks. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://horseracinghalloffame.com/1981/01/01/katherine-langdon-wilks/

 

Katharine Langdon Wilks 1853-1948. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.waterlooregionmuseum.com/region-hall-of-fame/inductees-w-to-z/.

 

Redshaw, R. M. (n.d.). The Past of Cruickston Park: Scandalous Marriages, the Rich Families of New York and the Unsinkable Titanic. North Dumfries Municipal Heritage Committee.

 

Tomorrow’s Vision. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://raresites.org/about-us/vision/.

 

Daniel Rose

 

Blackfoot Confederacy Displaced to Make Way for the Railroad

Works Cited

 

Cottrell, M. (2000). To be Useful to the whiteman and the Indian and the country at large: Constantine Scollen, Missionary-Priest, and Native-White relations in the west, 1862-1885. CCHA, Historical Studies, 66, pp. 56-73.

 

Dempsey, H.A. (1982).  ISAPO-MUXIKA.  In Dictionary of Canadian Biography, vol. 11 (1881-1890).  Toronto:  University of Toronto/Université Laval. Retrieved from http://www.biographi.ca/en/bio/isapo_muxika_11E.html  

 

Duhamel, R. (1966). Government of Canada, Indigenous and Northern Affairs Canada. Treaty texts – treaty and supplementary treaty no. 7 between Her Majesty the Queen and the Blackfeet and other Indian tribes. Retrieved from http://www.aadnc-aandc.gc.ca/eng/1100100028793/1100100028803

 

Macleod, R.C. (1990). MACLEOD, JAMES FARQUHARSON.  In Dictionary of Canadian Biography, vol. 12.  Toronto:  University of Toronto/Université Laval. Retrieved from http://www.biographi.ca/en/bio/macleod_james_farquharson_12E.html

 

Nettelbeck, A. & Smandych R. (2010). Policing indigenous peoples on two colonial frontiers: Australia’s Mounted Police and Canada’s North-West Mounted Police. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Criminology, 43(2), pp. 356-375. doi: 10.1375/acri.43.2.356  

 

Stuebing, D., & Irwin, C. (1968). Push to the Rockies.  In Jackdaw No. C4 – Building the CPR, Broadsheet #5, located in The Ontario Institute for Studies in Education Library  (OISE).  Toronto, Vancouver:  Clarke, Irwin & Company Ltd. in association with Jackdaw Publications, London, England, pp. 4-5.

 

Woods, B. (1960). Revised 2009.  Chief Crowfoot and the priest who became president of the Canadian Pacific Railway.  Manitoba Historical Society. Manitoba Pageant. 5 (3). Retrieved from http://www.mhs.mb.ca/docs/pageant/05/chiefcrowfoot.shtml

 

Images:

Image 1

Life-time pass issued to Chief Crowfoot by W.C. Van Horne,

Vice-President of the Canadian Pacific Railway (CPR) in 1887.

Courtesy of the Ontario Institute for Studies in Education (OISE) Library.

 

Image 2

Chief Crowfoot wearing his life-time pass,

Courtesy of Provincial Archives of Alberta.

Retrieved from – https://hermis.alberta.ca/paa/PhotoGalleryDetails.aspx?CollectionId=2&ObjectId=P129, accessed 20 Nov 2016.

 

Works Consulted:

 

Bishop-Stall, R. (2014). Laying tracks and tracking change: an interrogation of nostalgia, national identity, and the railway in contemporary photography.  Canadian Review of American Studies, 44(2), 320-344. Retrieved from https://doi org.myaccess.library.utoronto.ca/10.3138/cras.2014.S07

 

Burton, P. (1974). The National Dream and The Last Spike.  Toronto: McClelland and Stewart Ltd.

 

Canadian Pacific. (2016). Our History. Retrieved from http://www.cpr.ca/en/about-cp/our- history  

 

Dempsey, H.A. (2006). (Revised by Parrott, 2015).  Crowfoot.  In the Canadian Encyclopedia.   Retrieved from http://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.ca/en/article/crowfoot/  

 

Dempsey, H.A. (2010). (Revised by Parrott & Filice, 2016).  Blackfoot Confederacy.  In the Canadian Encyclopedia. Retrieved from http://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.ca/en/article/blackfoot-nation/  

 

Dunn, W. (1968). The Ballad of Crowfoot.  National Film Board of Canada. Retrieved from www.nfb.ca/film/ballad_of_Crowfoot/   

 

Earle, N. (1999). Three stories, two visions: the West and the building of the Canadian Pacific Railway in Canadian culture. The Social Science Journal, 36(2), 341-352. Doi 10.1016/50362-3319 (99) 00005-1.

 

Harzig, C., Hoerder, D. & Gabbacia, D. (2009).  Introduction.  In What is migration history?   (pp. 1-8). Malden, Massachusetts: Polity Press.

 

Lightfoot, G.M. (1992). Canadian Railroad Trilogy, The Original Lightfoot, CD #1, United Artists, Distributed by Capitol Records-EMI of Canada, Mississauga, Ontario.

 

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Sydney Rose

 

The Alert Citizens

Fear of the Foreign

 

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Christopher Shackleton

 

Choosing to Have No Choice

Menus from the S.S. Lake Simcoe and Migration by Steamship

 

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Karley Staskus

Robert Harris: A Migrant Artist

How Travel Influenced the Life of an Artist

 

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Breanna Stephenson

The Eclectic Celtic

A Look at the Selective Toronto Celtic Revival

 

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Madison Stirling

 

The “Indian Problem” in Canada

The Trinity College Encounter Club Conference on the Canadian Indian

 

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Jessica Svenningson

Tastes of Internment

How Internment Camps Changed Japanese Cuisine in Canada

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Shauna Taylor

Remembering Home

A Salvadoran Refugee’s Journey

 

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Kathleen Vahey

 

Migration through the eyes of a child

A young British evacuee experiences Toronto

 

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Bretton Weir

 

Memory in the Menu

Nostalgia Travels Aboard the Canadian Pacific Railway

 

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Kayla Wemp

 

A Long Fight for Justice

The Japanese-Canadian Redress Movement

 

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Sugiman, M. (2000). Japanese Canadian Redress: The Toronto Story. Toronto: HpF Press.

 

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Zhuohua Yang

 

Canada Embracing Multiculturalism

How Mennonite Culture Was Taught in Ontario Schools in the 1980s

 

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Serena Ypelaar

A Friend in Need

The Women’s War Service Committee and Benevolence during World War II

 

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Varty, C. N. (2004). The city and the ladies: politics, religion and female benevolence in mid-nineteenth century Hamilton, Canada West. Journal of Canadian Studies 38(2), 151-171. Retrieved from https://doi-org.myaccess.library.utoronto.ca/10.3138/jcs.38.2.151

 

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Varty, C. N. (2005). ‘A career in Christian charity’: women’s benevolence and the public sphere in a mid-nineteenth-century Canadian city. Women’s History Review 14(2), 243-264.

 

Marlee Yule

The Triumphant Canadian

One Man’s Journey From Scotland to Canada

 

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Bethune, A. N. (1870). Memoir of the Right Reverend John Strachan … first Bishop of Toronto. Toronto: H. Rowsell.

 

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Leore Zecharia

Immigrant Women in Canada

The Role of Women’s Groups in the Immigrant Experience

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Julia Zungri

Discrimination and Persecution in WWII Canada

Political and Communal Attitudes Towards Japanese-Canadians

 

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